Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Moral Argument for Other Minds

        The following is a moral argument for the existence of other minds. If it is granted that we have a moral obligation to other people, then other minds must exist. Either we owe duties to our neighbors,or our moral obligations are fulfilled by our own wills. Something that must be done is either owed to someone else or ourselves. However, a person by their self cannot be the judge of their own cause, since if it is granted that a person can be a judge of their own cause, what is to keep them from willing the bad as a moral imperative? It is unacceptable that immoral imperatives should hold up. Thus, moral obligations are owed to our neighbors rather than ourselves, so that other minds exist.

Wednesday, November 19, 2014


        ...the rhetoric of the pursuit of virtue includes exhortations to actions that fulfill an end. On the whole, the main goal is better character to live in the world that largely shuns such actions, although this shunning could show up as avoiding. When what is absent can be seen as a clear picture of what is not deemed to be valuable...but who can assess that this is the way of those who are virtuous? The question asks in what way can you find out how these moral imperatives work by persuading people. The words themselves often are commanding moral action, which is seen to be right...

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Criticism of Contempt

Perhaps the contempt that one has of things is because that they are common. But also it is because no propriety is used when they are being communicated. That is why frequent talk of base matter is particularly odious to those who must endure its expression.  The foul aftertaste of being told of mere daily activity at a bad time will leave one wanting to flee the stench for something fresh.

This can be illustrated by considering your common concerns and comparing them to how they are often expressed. Notice that the difference cannot be easily divided. We speak of things and how they are said, but here the distinction is not helpful because things and their modes of being exhibited in speech are denoted in the same way, even though things are separate from speech.

Endurance of such tendencies and refraining from offending those who must experience such a thing could be one solution. But this personal behavior will not solve the problem of why there is contempt in the first place. The effects lead the offended party to believe that the problem lies within the speech act itself rather than within them. Perhaps the problem is there.

More could be said, but it is enough to point out that contempt is a reaction to what is perceived to be contemptuous. This contempt of common speech that is without proper order signals that the offended party has imputed bad intentions to the seeming offender. Pity could combat contempt by offering the reason that the poor speakers are without just right to promote their talk.

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Who Killed Homer?

    Hanson and Heath, Classicists from California, co-authored a book called 'Who Killed Homer', which was eventually published in paperback in 2001 by Encounter Books. And before that there was the hard cover version. But the paperback version has additional political intrigue within realm of academia, since these authors were not well received among their peers, due to the pointed rhetoric contained within the paperback book, which you could probably get through the online venders.

And the below outline shows some of the main points within the book:

1. Greek wisdom is not Mediterranean but anti-Mediterranean; Hellenic culture-an idea not predicated on race-is not just different from, but entirely antithetical to any civilization of its own time or space.

2. The demise of Classical learning is both real and quantifiable.

3. Our present generation of Classicists helped to destroy Classical education.

  I feel that there is no way Classical learning will be sustained within the universities of the West, in general, and in America in particular because students do not want to learn these tough languages and the literature that goes along with them. This dismissal of this ancient culture is due to, mainly, the unfamiliarity with the alphas and omegas of the ancient Greek way of writing Why promote an unfamiliar orthography?

  But further than the loss of understand languages, there is a great cultural loss also. While ISIS destroys ancient monuments, the Classicists of this generation have set fire to the manuscripts of the texts that taught a way of thinking that is largely foreign to us because they wanted to keep the loot for themselves, rather than train others to appreciate the Greek contribution to our present crumbling civilization. So if you want to know why education is in a mess right now, I'd suggest this book for your consideration. 

Friday, May 30, 2014


The world of things is made more consumable for those looking for relief through a story. The present set of facts, though, is not the same as a printed version of what is happening. First, the medium and the product are different. And this can only be seen though concrete examples. However, those examples cannot be shown without first establishing that what is being considered now has some importance for interpretation.

First, a story is a narrative of events, where the author has taken what has happened and put them into a series of related points. This is important because it shows the author's view of coherence, which tells us how the author has taken the facts and put them into his story. This coherence further shows the way the author should be taken. The weight of interpretation, then, has shifted toward the author rather than the text.

The intention of the author is open on the page through the coherence he has presented. In this way, one reads the author rather than the story of events. However, this view does not shut out what is been told. It is not so much as finding the author in the text as allowing the author to present his method of coherence or how the source of his story is a way the author shows his will in finding coherence through what he wrote.

This orientation can take a text as the author's way of coherence, which is a process that uncovers the text he wrote. This does not show up as direct comments of the author's purpose, although it could be there, but the method of holding the mirror up to the text so to speak is done by taking the unique intention of the author and using it to shed light on the text. The method is reading for the intention to apply it to the text for insight.

Saturday, April 26, 2014

My Belief

I believe in God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth.

And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty. From there he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

The Canon

The canon continues to inspire debates about what should be included in such. Two criteria stand out in which to select the elite set of authors and their works. One is a set of moral values that should be learned to carry about what it means to be Western and the other is aesthetic values, which determine how literature should be represented.

These two camps are not necessary opposed to each other, but it could be said to characterize them that the former is static while the latter is dynamic. What is meant is that moral values tend to be elements that are a fixed set of prescriptive rules, while aesthetics ebb and flow with each passing age. Another way of putting it is that moral values are Apollonian while the aesthetic is Dionysian.

However you cut through the body of work that is suggested to be kept from generation to generation, consider that most are chosen because they carry these qualities. And most of these works carry both to instruct as well as to be appreciated. What is idle, though, is disputing the historical validity of the works to some political end. Some of these, especially the recently political, had their stigma die down already.

So the cannon is given to categorization but not based on crafting a code to support an identity group because that is a heretical practice given what you belong to. Also because the canon contains only the most important authors, it is difficult to hold to a canon which ignores these in favor of personal preferences classed by trends. The moral and aesthetic standards of a work shape their placement.  

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Without Context

There is enough clarity here to warrant no more help to bring out what is being said in these fragments. But what more help can make you see what is here? They are stronger when left alone.

To be just is to control your conduct according to justice. You expect people to be just, but you are surprised at particular injustices. Injustice keeps happening in the world, since people are unjust.

I feel this given emotion to show how you hurt me. The reason follows from the event and would be out of place to put other feelings where they do not belong.

Loss of control shows where you once had power to affect an outcome. Now the loss can show what made it possible to have the influence over the persons and places once affected.

What can be said is less relevant than what is said. Those sayings have power over all once put in place.

The world of things is wearisome, but then that is all there is.  And the passage of time makes things less relevant but does not erase the fact that they are cared about.

Monday, January 20, 2014

Yusuf's Recipe for Chai

4 bags black tea
1-1/2 quarts of water
10 cardamom seeds
2 cinnamon sticks, broken in half
1 pinch whole black pepper
3 tablespoons of sugar
milk to taste

In a saucepan, bring the water to a boil, before it has boiled too long, add the tea bags, cardamom, cinnamon, and black pepper, then return water to a boil. Immediately add sugar and stir. Remove the pot from the heat and let stand for 5 minutes. Add milk until color resembles well-creamed coffee. Serve in small cups.

Recipe found on a dead Keshian traitor who exploited children for profit